Hip Hop

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A Brief Description

Hip Hop is a musical genre which developed alongside the Blaxploitation culture, defined by key stylistic elements such as Rap, Scratch mixing DJing, sampling and beatboxing. Hip hop grew out of the Bronx in New York City during the 1970s, primarily among African Americans and Jamaican Americans, with some Latino influences. It also takes in a broad conglomerate of artistic forms that originated within various subcultures from the South Bronx and Harlem in New York City during 1970s.

It can be characterised by four distinct elements, all of which represent the different manifestations of this culture;-
Rap, this being the distinctive vocal element.
Turntablism or "DJing",
"Breaking" the associated dance style
Graffiti art, a style of art that often goes hand in hand with Hip Hop.
Even while it continues in contemporary history to develop globally in a flourishing myriad of diverse styles, these foundational elements provide stability and coherence to the culture.

One of the origin of the hip-hop subculture stemmed from the block parties of the Ghetto Brothers, when they plugged the amps for their instruments and speakers into the lampposts on 163rd Street and Prospect Avenue, and from DJ Kool Herc at 1520 Sedgwick Avenue, where he mixed samples of existing records with his own shouts to the crowd and dancers. Dj Kool Herc is credited as the "father" of hip hop. DJ Afrika Bambaataa of the hip hop collective Zulu Nation outlined the pillars of hip hop culture, to which he coined the terms: MCing or "Emceein", DJing or "Deejayin", B-boying and graffiti writing or "Aerosol Writin". Another huge influence would be Blaxploitation Music, this was a time and a music scene that had a huge fight for its identity.

Since its evolution throughout the South Bronx, hip hop culture has spread to both urban and suburban communities throughout the world. Hip hop music first emerged with Kool Herc and contemporary disc jockeys and imitators creating rhythmic beats by looping breaks (small portions of songs emphasising a percussive pattern) on two turntables. This was later accompanied by "Rap", a rhythmic style of chanting or poetry often presented in 16-bar measures or time frames, and beatboxing, a vocal technique mainly used to provide percussive elements of music and various technical effects of hip hop DJs, the term Rap is often used synonymously with hip hop, but hip hop denotes the practices of an entire subculture.

An original form of dancing and particular styles of dress arose among fans of this new music. These elements experienced considerable adaptation and development over the course of the history of the culture.

Hip hop is simultaneously a new and old phenomenon; the importance of sampling to the art form means that much of the culture has revolved around the idea of updating classic recordings, attitudes, and experiences for modern audiences—called "flipping" within the culture. It follows in the footsteps of earlier American musical genres such as Blues, Salsa, Jazz, and Rock n Roll in having become one of the most practiced genres of music in existence worldwide, and also takes additional inspiration regularly from Soul music, Scat vocal styles, Funk, and Rhythm and Blues.

Some Artists

0–9

2 Live Crew

50 Cent

A

A Tribe Called Quest

A.I.G.

Achozen

Afrika Bambaataa

The Alkaholiks

American Cream Team

Arrested Development

B

B-Real

Beastie Boys

Tha Beggas

Bell Biv DeVoe

Big Daddy Kane

The Black Eyed Peas

Black Knights

Black Market Militia

The Bomb Squad

Bomfunk MC's

Boo-Yaa T.R.I.B.E.

Brooklyn Zu

C

C.C.F. Division

Cappadonna

Cypress Hill

D

Da Manchuz

De La Soul

Deadly Venoms

Die Antwoord

Dr. Dre

DJ Jazzy Jeff & the Fresh Prince

E

Eazy-E

Eric B. & Rakim

F

Fun-Da-Mental

The Fugees

Furious Five

G

G-Unit

Ghostface Killah

Gang Starr

GP Wu

Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five

Grand Wizard Theodore & the Fantastic Five

Gravediggaz

GZA

H

Harlem 6/Wu-tang

Heavy D & the Boyz

Hillside Scramblers

House Gang

I

Ice-T

Ice Cube

Ice Water Inc.

Insane Clown Posse

Inspectah Deck

J

J.U.S.T.I.C.E. League

The Juice Crew

Jungle Brothers

Jurassic 5

K

K.G.B.

Killarmy

KLF

L

The Lost Boyz

Lumberjacks

Luniz

M

M.M.O.

Maccabeez

Mantronix

Massive Attack

Masta Killa

Method Man

Mobb Deep

N

N.W.A

Nate Dogg

Naughty by Nature

Northstar

The Notorious B.I.G.

O

Onyx

On U Sound

Orphanage

OutKast

P

P.M. Dawn

Pharcyde

Prophets of Rage

Public Enemy

Q

Quo

R

Rob Base and DJ E-Z Rock

Royal Fam

Run DMC

RZA

S

Salt-N-Pepa

School Of the Gifted

Slick Rick

Snoop Dogg

Stereo MC's

The Sugarhill Gang

Sunz of Man

T

T.M.F.

Theodore Unit

Two On Da Road

U

U-God

W

Wreckx-n-Effect

Wu-Syndicate

Wu-Tang Clan

Wu-Tang Killa Beez

X

The X-Ecutioners

Xzibit

Y

Yellow Jacketz

Z

Universal Zu Disciplez

Zu Ninjaz