1984 is a dystopian novel written by George Orwell that was published in 1949. The main themes of the book are about nationalism, censorship and surveillance.
The story follows Winston Smith, a member of the Outer Party, who lives in Airstrip One (the United Kingdom), a province of Oceania. The story follows Winston as he lives under the totalarian regime of the Party and its leader known as Big Brother. Winston decides to keep a journal criticising the Party, which is strictly forbidden and seen as a 'thought-crime'. If i t were to be found by the Thought Police then Winston would be killed. The Thought Police spy on the public using Telescreens which are placed in every Party member quarter.
Winston works for the Ministry of True, editing old records, photographs, newspapers, to make the government seem omniscient. For example, if the Party reported that there would not be a shortage of chocolate, but they were wrong, Winston would have to revise any document that had this report about chocolate and change it so the Party aren't wrong. Original documents showing the Party in any wrong light are destroyed.