The style, which evolved in the mid-1980s out of the UK, often has songs with dark and pessimistic lyrics that linger on political and social ills. The term "Crust" was coined by Hellbastard on their 1986 Ripper Crust demo.
Crust is partly defined by its "bassy" and "dirty" sound. It is often played at a fast tempo with occasional slow sections. Vocals are usually guttural and may be grunted, growled or screamed. Crust Punk takes cues from the Anarcho-Punk of Crass and Discharge and the Extreme Metal of bands like Venom, Hellhammer/Celtic Frost and Motörhead. While the term was first associated with Hellbastard, Amebix have been described as the originators of the style.
Fusion With Other Genres
As Amebix was heavily influenced by Killing Joke, who are among the founders of Industrial, Crust Punk has always had some relationship to this style. Nausea also eventually incorporated elements of Industrial.
Crust had a major impact on Grindcore. The first Grindcore, practiced by the British groups Napalm Death and Extreme Noise Terror emerged from the Crust Punk scene. This style is dubbed by some as "Crustgrind".
Thrash Metal/Thrashcore & Powerviolence
Crust Punk groups, such as Amebix, took some influence from the early Black Metal of Venom and Hellhammer/Celtic Frost. Similarly, Bathory was initially inspired by Crust Punk as well as Heavy Metal. Crust was affected by a second wave of influence in the 1990s, with some bands emphasizing these Black Metal elements. Iskra are probably the most obvious example of second wave Black Metal-influenced Crust Punk; Iskra coined their own phrase "blackened crust" to describe this new style. The Japanese group Gallhammer also blend crust with Black Metal while the English band Fukpig has been said to have elements of Crust, Black Metal, and Grindcore. In addition, Norwegian band Darkthrone have incorporated Crust Punk traits in their more recent material.
His Hero Is Gone