Dixieland music, sometimes referred to as Hot jazz or Early Jazz or Riverboat Jazz, is a style of Jazz which developed out of New Orleans, around the start of the 20th century, but soon spread to Chicago and New York City, around the 1910s.
Well-known Dixieland Jazz tracks, such as Basin Street Blues and When the Saints Go Marching In, are known even to non-jazz fans.
Dixieland is a name given to the style of jazz performed by early New Orleans jazz musicians.
The name is a reference to the "Old South". Dixieland, which was developed in New Orleans and is one of the earliest forms of Jazz.
The number of musicians in each band is flexible, the usual line up would be a "front line" of trumpet or cornet, with trombone, and clarinet, with a rhythm section of at least two of the following instruments: guitar, banjo, string bass, tuba, piano, and drums.
The definitive Dixieland sound is created when one instrument (usually the trumpet) plays the melody or a recognisable paraphrase or variation on it, and the other instruments of the "front line" improvise around that melody. This creates a more polyphonic sound than the extremely regimented Big Band.
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