Doo-Wop is a style of music that was developed out of African-American communities in New York, Philadelphia, Chicago, Baltimore, Newark, Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, Detroit, Washington D.C and Los Angeles in the 1940s, making its way to mainstream popularity in the 1950s and early '60s.
Doo-Wop is built upon vocal harmony, and was one of the most mainstream, Pop-oriented R 'n' B styles of the time. Singer Bill Kenny (1914–1978) is often called the "Godfather of Doo-wop" for his "top and bottom" format featuring a high tenor lead and "talking bass" in the middle of the song.
Doo-wop features vocal group harmony, nonsense syllables, a simple beat, sometimes little or no instrumentation, and simple music and lyrics.
The first record to use the syllables "doo-wop" was the 1955 hit "When You Dance" by The Turbans, but the term "doo-wop" didn't first appeared in print until 1961.
During the late 1950s many Italian-American groups contributed a significant part in the doo-wop scene. The peak of doo-wop was in 1961. Doo-wop's influence continued in Soul, Pop, and Rock groups of the 1960s, at various points in the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s, the genre's influence has caused revivals, and this influence can still be heard today.