An Attempt to Explain
The hippie subculture was another Youth culture movement which kicked off in the United States during the early 1960s and spread around the world. The word Hippie derives from Hipster, and was initially used to describe beatniks who had moved into San Francisco’s Haight-Ashbury district. These people inherited the countercultural values of the Beat Generation, created their own communities, listened to Psychedelic Rock, embraced the sexual revolution, and used drugs such as Marijuana and LSD to explore alternative states of consciousness.
In 1967, in San Francisco the hippie culture was popularised to such a degree that it all lead to the legendary Summer of Love on the West Coast of the United States, and the 1969 Woodstock Festival on the East Coast.
The hippies in Mexico, who were known as "jipitecas", formed "La Onda Chicana" and gathered at Avándaro, while in New Zealand, nomadic housetruckers practiced Alternative Lifestyles and promoted sustainable energy at Nambassa. In the United Kingdom, mobile “peace convoys” of New age travellers made summer pilgrimages to free music festivals at Stonehenge. In Australia hippies gathered at Nimbin for the 1973 Aquarius Festival and the annual Marijuana Law Reform Rally or MardiGrass. In Chile, “Festival Piedra Roja” was held in 1970 (following Woodstock’s success), and was the major hippie event in that country.
Hippie fashions and hippie values had a major impact on popular culture, influencing Pop music, television, film, literature, and the arts. Since this 1960s invasion, many aspects of hippie culture have been assimilated by mainstream society. The religious and cultural diversity, that the hippies stood for, has gained widespread acceptance, also the hippie's Eastern philosophies and spiritual concepts have reached a wide audience. This hippie legacy can be observed in contemporary culture in countless forms; from health food, to music festivals, to contemporary sexual morals, and possibly even to the cyberspace revolution.
The Doobie Brothers
Grand Funk Railrad
The Guess Who
Mamas and Papas
Simon and Garfunkel
Thirteenth Floor Elevators
Van Der Graaf Generators