R 'n' B

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Intro

R 'n' B, in a contemporary context, is a music genre that draws some influence from Rhythm and Blues, plenty from Pop, elements of Soul, some of the feel of Funk, as well as a fair amount from Hip Hop.

Info

Although the abbreviation "R 'n' B" or "R&B" originates from traditional style Rhythm and Blues, in a contemporary context "R 'n' B" is generally thought to mean "Rhymes and Beats", and is most often used to describe a sub genre of African-American music that grew to popularity after Disco declined during the 1980s.

Some sources refer to "R 'n' B" as "Urban" contemporary.

"R 'n' B" has a polished record production style, often makes use of drum machine-backed rhythms, occasionally will add a saxophone-laced beat to give a Jazz feel, and a smooth style of vocal arrangement.

Although the use of Hip Hop or dance-inspired beats are typical, the roughness and grit that's inherent in "Urban, Hip Hop tends to be reduced and smoothed out during the production.

As the disco era came to a close, a new generation of producers began adding synthesizers and slick drum machine beats to African-American music.

Developing

Notable 1980s R 'n' B musicians included the likes of Luther Vandross, the SOS Band, Mtume, Freddie Jackson, DeBarge, Loose Ends, Stephanie Mills, and Marvin Gaye.

Tina Turner made a comeback during the second half of the 1980s, while Whitney Houston and Janet Jackson broke into the Pop music charts with a series of hits.

Richard J. Ripani wrote that Janet Jackson's third studio album Control (1986) was "important to the development of R 'n' B for a number of reasons", as she and her producers, Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis, "crafted a new sound that fuses the rhythmic elements of Funk and Disco, along with heavy doses of synthesizers, percussion, sound effects, and a Rap music sensibility". Ripani wrote that "the success of Control led to the incorporation of stylistic traits of Rap over the next few years, and Janet Jackson was to continue to be one of the leaders in that development". That same year, Teddy Riley began producing R&B recordings that included Hip Hop influences. This combination of R 'n' B style and Hip Hop rhythms was termed "new jack swing", and was applied to artists such as Bobby Brown, Keith Sweat, Al B. Sure!, Guy, Jodeci, and Bell Biv DeVoe.

Notable Artists

The suggestions here are just intended to give a few ideas of this genre, and what it's also linked to.

A - L

Al B. Sure! (also known for Pop).

Aaliyah (also known for Hip Hop, and Pop).

Alicia Keys (also known for Hip Hop, and Pop]]).

Bell Biv DeVoe (also known for Hip Hop, and Pop).

Beyoncé Knowles (also known for Hip Hop, and Pop).

Bobby Brown (also known for Pop).

Chaka Khan (also known for Hip Hop, Rave, Rap, and Pop).

Erykah Badu (also known for Hip Hop, and Pop).

Janet Jackson (also known for Hip Hop, Soul, Funk and Pop).

Joss Stone (also known for Blue-eyed Soul, and Pop).

Keith Sweat (also known for Pop).

Luther Vandross (also known for Hip Hop, Disco, Pop).

M-W

Mariah Carey (also known for Hip Hop, and Pop).

Mary J. Blige (also known for Hip Hop, and Pop).

Patti LaBelle (also known for Doo-Wop, and Pop).

Pink (also known for Hip Hop, Rap, and Pop)

Prince (also known for [[Rock, Jazz, Hip Hop, Synthpop, Soul, Funk, and countless other genres).

R. Kelly (also known for Hip Hop, Neo Soul, and Pop).

Stevie Wonder (also known for Motown Sound, "Psychedelic Soul", Funk, Disco, Pop, and lots more]]

Teddy Riley (also known for Hip Hop).

Toni Braxton (also known for Hip Hop, and Pop).

Usher (also known for Hip Hop, and Pop).

Whitney Houston (also known for Pop