A style of music that is a subgenre of Rock, it first emerged out of the UK during the late '80s, pioneered by bands like;- My Bloody Valentine, Curve, Lush, Slowdive, Chapterhouse, and Ride. The majority of shoegaze groups, we're largely influenced by the template My Bloody Valentine created with their early EPs and their first full-length album, "Isn't Anything", but Dinosaur Jr., the Jesus & Mary Chain, and the Cocteau Twins have also been cited as major influences.
It lasted until the mid '90s, with a pinnacle around 1990–'91 and a new resurgence during the early 2010s.
The British music press, mostly NME and Melody Maker, named this style because the musicians in these bands stood still during live performances in a detached, introspective, non-confrontational state, hence the idea that they were gazing at their shoes. The heavy use of effects pedals also contributed to the image of performers looking down at their feet during concerts.
The sound is typified by significant use of guitar effects, and indistinguishable vocal melodies that blend into the creative noise of the guitars. One general description, that was given to this and other affiliated bands in London in the early '90s was - "The Scene That Celebrates Itself".
In the early '90s, the popularity of groups associated with this style, became overshadowed by the American Grunge movement, the early days of what has become known as Indie, and the '90s era of Britpop, with such bands as Suede, forcing the relatively unknown bands to break up or reinvent their style altogether.
In the 2000s, the renewed interest in this genre, became refereed to as - "nu gaze", we almost hope that the title "nu gaze" doesn't need its own page on here.